Achilles Tendon Injuries
The Achilles tendon is a long tendon that runs from your heel bone to your calf muscle. It allows you to extend your foot and point your toes. This tendon is one of the most commonly injured tendons. Achilles Tendinitis, inflammation of the tendon, is a common Achilles injury. A more severe injury is caused by too much force being placed on the tendon causing it to tear partially, or completely rupture.
Achilles Injury Causes:
- Not stretching before exercise or activity<
- Increasing level of activity too quickly
- Wearing high heels add extra stress on the tendon
- Other problems like flat feet can cause the tendon to stretch too far when a step is taken
Achilles Injury Symptoms:
- Hearing a popping or snapping noise during exercise
- Difficulty flexing your foot or pointing your toes
- Pain along the back of your heel and along the tendon itself
The Achilles tendon can either partially or completely rupture. While a tear can cause mild pain or go unnoticed, a complete rupture causes severe pain and complete loss of strength and movement. Taking a step and pushing off, or a stop and go motion when playing a sport can cause micro-tears in the tendon. Being out of shape and going beyond your ability, or not warming up before exercising, can also cause Achilles tendon problems.
The most important step in preventing Achilles tendon problems is resting when you start feeling pain near your Achilles tendon after exercising. Icing the affected area and making adjustments to your shoes will also help prevent injury.Custom made orthotics will help give you the proper support your foot needs. No two feet are the same so it is important to find what works best for you. Seeing a podiatrist will help you figure out what you need to do for your feet.