People with diabetes can develop many different problems like:
- Skin Changes
- Foot Ulcers
- Poor Circulation
Most often, people with diabetes can get nerve damage, or neuropathy, that causes tingling, pain (burning, or itching), or weakness in the foot.
- Diabetic nerve damage can also lessen your ability to feel pain, heat, and cold.
- Loss of feeling: may not feel like a foot injury
- Nerve damage can also lead to changes in the shape of your feet and toes
- Feet may become dry, peel, and crack
- Nerve that controls the oil and moisture damaged
- After bathing, dry and seal moisture with a thin coat of plain petroleum jelly, or unscented hand cream
- No oils or creams between toes, can cause fungal infections
- Don’t soak feet too long, can dry skin
- Occurs often and builds up faster, especially in high pressure areas under foot
- If too much callus, you should wear therapeutic shoes and inserts
- Calluses that are very thick can turn into ulcers (open sores) if not trimmed
- Never cut yourself, can lead to ulcers and infection
- Do not remove calluses and corns with chemical agents, can burn skin
- Pumice stones will keep calluses under control, put lotion on after using pumice stone
- Occurs on ball of foot or bottom of big toe
- Healthcare provider checks every ulcer, can lead to infection if not. X-rays of foot to check for no bones infected, clean out dead tissues. Antibiotic will be prescribed after
- No walking, ulcers can get larger and infection can go deeper into foot. A special shoes, cast, or boot will be provided.
- If ulcer is not healing, your circulation is poor and you will be referred to a vascular surgeon.
- Good diabetes control, high blood glucose levels will make it hard to find infection